A mutual fund is an investment scheme, which brings in money from numerous investors.  An asset management company manages the money. The managing company diversifies the pooled amount into different sectors such as equity, debt, and market securities. After deducting the commission of the asset managing company, it will share the remaining profits with the investors in the order of capital appreciation or dividends. The Association of Mutual Funds in India regulates the market of the mutual funds. You can visit PNB Net Banking for more info on the same

Mutual fund objectives

Before investing in a mutual fund, it is crucial to understand the different types of funds available for the investor. They include:

  1. Equity: It is a platform where investors can invest in the stocks of domestic companies. Equities fall under the high-risk category.
  2. Money market: It is useful for individuals looking at short-term gains and easy liquidity. The managing company invests the money in Commercial Papers, Treasury Bills, Repurchase Agreements, and other government securities. They fall under low-risk funds category.
  3. Debt: Debt is the best alternative to fixed deposits. Investment is in fixed-income securities with lower risk.

How to invest in mutual funds?

Now that you have understood about mutual funds, it is time to learn the procedure of investing money in mutual funds.

  1. Asset allocation: The primary action is to build a portfolio, which helps in dividing the amount that you wish to invest in the different asset classes. The asset allocation map will be helpful in investing in the required funds based on the risk profile. The risk associated with the profile will also determine the extent to which the individual can spend in a single asset section such as debt or equity.

It is crucial for the managing company to allocate funds in such a way that there is a healthy mix of low and high-risk components. Furthermore, the allocation will be dependent on the investor’s age. For instance, if the investor is 30 years old, the company can invest 30% in debt instrument to offer to cushion when there is a downturn in the high-risk assets.

  1. Shortlisting fund types: Shortlisting fund types plays a crucial role in investing in mutual funds. After completing asset allocation, it is time to compare different funds based on investment philosophy and performance. To perform this, a user can collect information from prospectuses and shareholder reports. You will also have to determine the goal. If one is seeking more money, then the amount of risk involved will be higher. It is useful in short-term scenarios. For a long-term goal, opting for lower risk assets is a profitable option.
  2. Comparing funds: After completing the about two points, you will be in a position to shortlist the funds. The following tips will be helpful in picking the best from the market:
    1. Look for the history of the mutual fund before investing.
    2. Consider funds from debt, hybrid, and equity. Ensure that the financial goals set will provide higher returns within the required time frame.
    3. Calculate the performance of the funds for the past one year. The timeframe can extend up to 6 years in case of equity funds.
    4. The funds you will be selecting are consistent performers, and an exceptional fund manager overlooks the same. Consider looking at the portfolio of the fund manager and the management company.

Following up: Following up is critical to keep track of the funds. You can execute the operation through online, newsletters, and by obtaining information from newspapers. All the data acquired will provide useful information related to the assets.